2020年7月10日|埃里克·韦斯特瓦尔德(Eric Wuestewald)| 野生动物

How 萨吉诺 Bay Restored an Historic Fish Spawning Habitat

保护基金的  萨吉诺 Bay 水shed Initiative Network (WIN) program has spent years rebuilding 的 historic fish spawning habitats to restore resilient 和 diverse fish population throughout 的 bay. 的 culmination of this work can be seen in 的 15-minute long documentary, 科里永. Produced by Fauna Creative, 的 film follows 萨吉诺 Bay WIN 和 its partners as 的y work to restore 2 acres of reef 和 ensure a sustainable fish population 和 fishing economy throughout 的 Bay. 

After 的 film’s release, we spoke with Laura Ogar, Director of 的 Bay County Department of Environmental Affairs 和 社区发展, to learn more about 的 project 和 its impact.  

保护基金: 这个项目是如何开始的?  

劳拉 Ogar: 就我而言,这是从2001年我在这里开始工作的那一周开始的。 office,  I found a stapled report, typed in old typewriter font dated 1968. It was a Study of 的 Conditions of 的 萨吉诺 Bay Fish Spawning Reefs. It described 的 historic fish spawning reefs located as glacial remnants in 的 bay that had over time been buried by sediment. 的 report went on to describe 的 bay bottom in 1968 as mostly sand 和 silt covered, lacking fish spawning habitat. I read that 和 I immediately wanted to get that reef restored. 

I started asking around 和 making 的 case that we need to restore 的 spawning reef 和 I was told finally that it wasn’t going to happen. “根本改变了什么?” “他们被沉积物掩埋了。会有不同的结果吗? –如果我们恢复珊瑚礁,它们将再次被掩埋。  It is not a good use of public money.” It was frustrating as it was general knowledge that most of 的 sediment in 的 bay had washed off agricultural land 和 drained into 的 rivers, settling down once it got to 的 bay.   

Lake Huron 科里永 Film MI c Fauna Creative202001216 3 copy

基金: What changed? 

LO: 我对许多人持怀疑态度 many many years. 但是发生了两件事。 农业激励计划不断发展,农业 研究开始表明,新的覆盖作物类型的土壤保护措施可能有益于生长 率和土壤生产力。覆盖农作物种子 同时种植 使次生叶类作物在收获期间茂盛,保持地面覆盖和土壤就位。这意味着风或雨的侵蚀明显减少,海湾的沉积和沉积减少,田间的土壤健康状况也得到改善。  Win, win, win.   

周围 2010, a scientific sediment loading model was developed 和 undertaken for 的 Saginaw River. 的 model results showed that 的re were geographic areas now in 的 萨吉诺 Bay that would no longer receive heavy sediment loading. Within that geography were a number of 历史悠久的产卵珊瑚礁地点,即 the Coreyon reef site.    

基金: Have you seen any changes in 萨吉诺 Bay since this project started?    

LO: Yes, we’ve seen an interest tick up. People are excited 和 curious about a reef being built in 的 萨吉诺 Bay. A fish spawning reef is pretty cool! 

Lake Huron 科里永 Film MI c Fauna Creative202001212 copy

基金: What does 的 restoration project mean to 的 communities around 的 Bay?  

LO: 这意味着我们正朝着更健康,更完整的生态系统迈进,我们终于摆脱了环境恶化,损失和负面影响的悲剧性过去,终于进入了恢复状态。这意味着环境恢复 and 关闭我们受伤的过去的大门。社交上, it means health 和 wellness from 的 water up.  Economically, it means for really 的 first time in probably 100 years we can speak proudly about 的 bounty of 的 bay, whether you fish or not. 的 bay is alive 和 that makes everything more alive.  

“The 密西根州 Department of Natural Resources has estimated 的 value of 萨吉诺 Bay’s recreational fishery at $30 million. Communities around 的 萨吉诺 Bay 和 的 river systems that feed it depend on a sustainable fishery to support businesses that depend on tourism 和 recreation. Restoring 的se reef complexes are an important way to preserve 和 invigorate 的se fish species that people come from all around 的 country to enjoy.

Healthy reefs support spawning fish populations, 和 encourage recreational fishing 和 tourism that is estimated to be valued at $30 million in 的 萨吉诺 Bay region.”


基金: 这个项目对您个人意味着什么?
  

LO: It’s awesome. It is a serious 和 significant professional goal accomplished. One I always believed would happen but wasn’t sure if I’d be around for it. It’s tough to move a mountain, but we did it. We made a mountain out 的re, a shallow but interesting enough feature for fish propagation. 

Lake Huron 科里永 Film MI c Fauna Creative202001214 copy

基金:
 伙伴关系如何使这项工作成为可能?   

LO: This would not have happened without partnerships. 的 scientists couldn’t get funded without local community participation to show value 和 meaning for sustainability purposes. 没有科学知识,社区就无法获得资助,这证明这不是一件愚蠢的事。如果不是一些专门的利益相关者,资助者就不会有项目可以资助。 

基金: 您从这次经验中学到了什么?   

LO: 持久的回报。 如果你相信某事, don’t give up on it. 

To learn more about 的 Coreyon project 和 萨吉诺 Bay 水shed Initiative Network, watch 的 full video here